The Municipality of Spata – Artemida is located 20 km east of Athens. Within the geographical borders of the municipality, the Athens International Airport has been operating since 2001, which is the largest airport in Greece. The municipality comes from the union of the former municipalities Spata and Artemida due to the most recent territorial and administrative reorganization of local government. The municipality covers an area of 77 square kilometers and a population of permanent residents approximately 33.821 inhabitants.
Spata traditionally is a rural area that it is now changing rapidly in region of residence and business location in the tertiary sector while the agricultural cultivation mainly with olives and vine, still remains. Artemida is a place of summer residence and varied marine tourism while now it is transformed in a region where the inhabitats from the capital choose to relocate and live elsewhere.
In the area that is covered by the municipality of Spata-Artemida, a large number of important archaeological finds confirm that there was a constant human presence since 3500BC. The prehistoric acropolis on the Zagani hill which was excavated during the construction of the airport in the late 20th century is the oldest acropolis of the mainland of Greece.The archaeological remains of the Mycenaean period reveal a thriving society that was related to different populations in the Mediterranean through sea routes.
It seems that during the archaic period, the region continued to be inhabited systematically and that the residents were engaged in agriculture and pottery. In the same region a wider center of worship of the goddess Artemis is identified, consisting of shrines, temples and altars along the shoreline of Artemida. The Roman and Byzantine periods are characterized by the presence of farms with main activity the production of wine and olive oil.
After the fall of the Byzantine Empire, the Franks, the Catalans and Florentines, successively, were in control of the region of Attica.