MUNICIPALITY OF SPATA-ARTEMIS

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Municipality of Spata-Artemis

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Municipality of Spata-Artemida

 

The Municipality of Spata – Artemida is located 20 km east of Athens. Within the geographical borders of the municipality, the Athens International Airport has been operating since 2001, which is the largest airport in Greece. The municipality comes from the union of the former municipalities Spata and Artemida due to the most recent territorial and administrative reorganization of local government. The municipality covers an area of 77 square kilometers and a population of permanent residents approximately 33.821 inhabitants.

Spata traditionally is a rural area that it is now changing rapidly in region of residence and business location in the tertiary sector while the agricultural cultivation mainly with olives and vine, still remains. Artemida is a place of summer residence and varied marine tourism while now it is transformed in a region where the inhabitats from the capital choose to relocate and live elsewhere.

History

In the area that is covered by the municipality of Spata-Artemida, a large number of important archaeological finds confirm that there was a constant human presence since 3500BC.  The prehistoric acropolis on the Zagani hill which was excavated during the construction of the airport in the late 20th century is the oldest acropolis of the mainland of Greece.The archaeological remains of the Mycenaean period reveal a thriving society that was related to different populations in the Mediterranean through sea routes.

It seems  that during the archaic period, the region continued to be inhabited systematically and that the residents were engaged in agriculture and pottery. In the same region a wider center of worship of the goddess Artemis is identified, consisting of shrines, temples and altars along the shoreline of Artemida. The Roman and Byzantine periods are characterized by the presence of farms with main activity the production of wine and olive oil.

After the fall of the Byzantine Empire, the Franks, the Catalans and Florentines, successively, were in control of the region of Attica.

In the mid of the 15th century, a Greek population called Arvanites appeared in the region. Arvanites came from the north-west, flooding across Attica and the chieftain with the name Boua Spata settled in Spata.

During the Ottoman period, the region continued to be characterized as agricultural and occasionally there were fishing activities, which continued until the mid-20th century. In 1835 after the Independence of Greece, the area of Spata was officially recognized as a settlement. The area of  Artemida first registered in the files of the Greek state in 1940.

 

Administration and Social infrastructure of the Municipality

 

The municipality of Spata – Artemida is based in Spata and consists of the municipal sections of Spata and Artemida. The administration of the municipality consists of a Mayor, City Council and the Local Councils of Local Sections Spata and Artemida, while other Municipal bodies such as the Quality of Life Committee and the Municipal Commission Consultation and “Organization for Education, Culture and Environment Spata – Artemis “Xenophon”, the Sports Organization of the Municipality of Spata – Artemida “Artemis”, the School Committee of the Primary Education and the Secondary Education School Committee, exist

In the region of the municipality and the surrounding area the Archaeological Museum Vravronos is operating, which is located next to the site of Brauronia Artemida, with a permanent exhibition of archaeological finds that are exhibited in Athens International Airport, also the Spata Folklore Collection and the Ecclesiastical Museum Metropolis Mesogaias & Lavreotikis.

In the municipality the following services exist:the Health Center of Spata, the Municipal Clinic Artemidos, Private Diagnostic Centres, Private Clinics, municipal and welfare facilities for infants and toddlers, 29 public school, primary and secondary schools, private schools, welfare facilities for seniors and for people with disabilities, professional associations and agricultural cooperatives, cultural, sports and environmental associations as well as churches, financial institutions etc.